According to Huffington Post, we are now 7.2 billion people in the world.
There’s an expected increase by 1 billion over the next 12 years and so, we will reach 9.1 billion by 2050, 34 percent higher than today. It has also been estimated that nearly all this population increase will occur in developing countries.
Data from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) estimates that doubling food production in the developing world will require an average annual net investment of $83 billion dollars, including technical and economic advice to governments on policies and legislation that influence public and private investments and capacity development to design strategies aligned with national priorities.
Agricultural production will need to increase, and along with it, the greenhouse gas emissions from crop and livestock, as well as from forestry, fisheries and land use will increase their impact on the environment and on climate change.
In parallel, and according to the State of Food Insecurity in the World 2014 report, the total number of hungry people in the world is of 805 million people. One in every nine people on Earth goes to bed hungry every night. Obesity is the other flip side of the coin. Both hunger and obesity are symptoms of poverty. The scarcity of healthy options in low-income neighbourhoods in developed countries and the decreased purchasing power make people opt for an unhealthy and cheap processed food rather than seasonal and local fruit and vegetables.
The challenge here is — according to José Graziano da Silva, FAO’s Director-General, is “to feed the world population using less land, water and energy, supporting a widespread, globe-spanning transition to sustainable farming systems and land management practices.” He also stresses the importance of achieving greater efficiencies in the use of natural resources, in particular, water, energy and land-including food waste, to protect biodiversity and the ecosystem.
What do you guys think is a way forward? We want to make a solid pitch!